Bulk migration from cPanel to DirectAdmin

Estimated reading time: 3 min

Introduction

This article contains information about the migration from cPanel to the latest available DirectAdmin version. Follow all the steps of this article for a successful installation. 

Prerequisites

  • DirectAdmin version 1.57.4 or higher
  • You need to have the SSH login details of your server ready with root or administrative user
  • Installed software screen, rsync, nano 
  • DirectAdmin cpanel_to_da conversion script  version 0.0.32 or higher

Step 1 – Log in using SSH to cPanel server

You must be logged in via SSH as sudo or root user. Please view this article for instructions if you don’t know how to connect with your server via SSH. 

Step 2 – Prepare the cPanel server

Create a directory to store the cPanel user backups.

mkdir -p /home/all_backups

Find the max length of your cPanel users.

ls /var/cpanel/users | awk '{print length, $0}' | sort -nr | head -n1

Output

16 abcdefghijklmnop

Step 3 – Log in using SSH to DirectAdmin server

You must be logged in via SSH as sudo or root user.

Step 4 – Prepare the DirectAdmin server

Create the directory.

mkdir -p /home/admin/all_backups

Change the directory owner to admin.

chown -R admin. /home/admin/all_backups

Install the converter script.

cd /usr/local/directadmin/custombuild
./build update
./build cpanel_to_da


Step 5 – Log in using SSH to cPanel server

We are using screen to prevent interruption due to network issues on the client.

screen -DR

Create user backup. 

for user in `ls /var/cpanel/users/`; do { /scripts/pkgacct ${user} /home/all_backups; }; done

!!! The backup name should be cpmove-user.tar.gz, backup-…._user.tar.gz will not work. If you have backup-…._user.tar.gz you can rename it with this

for i in `ls backup-[0-9]*.*.tar.gz`; do { USERNAME=`echo $i | cut -d_ -f3 | cut -d'.' -f1`; mv -v $i cpmove-${USERNAME}.tar.gz; }; done

Transfer /home/all_backups from cPanel to your DirectAdmin.

rsync -avt --delete /home/all_backups/ [email protected]_directadmin_server.com:/home/admin/all_backups/

Step 6 – Configure DirectAdmin configuration

In these steps, we will change the default DirectAdmin configuration to our needs.

Step 6.1 – Enable IPv6

Check if IPv6 is configured in your DirectAdmin configuration:

grep  "ipv6" /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf

If there is no output we have to enable it.

echo "ipv6=1" >> /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf
Step 6.2 – Allow underscores in database name or database user

Enable underscores in database names and database users.

echo "allow_db_underscore=1" >> /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf
Step 6.3 – Change DirectAdmin username length

Default DirectAdmin settings for username length is 10. The allowed username length is based on the database version that you are using.

In our situation, we have to change the username length to 16 characters (step 2).

echo "max_username_length=16" >> /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf
Step 6.4 – Change DNS template (add 3rd nameserver)

DirectAdmin supports two nameservers by default. In order to add the third or more DNS servers to your DNS record, you have to make changes in your DirectAdmin configuration.

Add NS3 to your DNS configuration.

cd /usr/local/directadmin/data/templates/custom
cp ../dns_ns.conf .

Add the following line at the bottom of dns_ns.conf.

ns3.snel.com.=|DOMAIN|.
Step 6.5 – Restart DirectAdmin

Apply the changes by restarting DirectAdmin

systemctl restart directadmin

Step 7 – Restore the backups in DirectAdmin Web Interface

We will now restore the backups in the DirectAdmin Web Interface. Log in to your DirectAdmin web interface:
https://directadmin.snel.com:2222

da login

Navigate to Admin tools -> Admin Backup/Transfer

da admin backup

 

 

Click on Restore

da restore

A new window will open. Change the path from /home/admin/admin_backups to the path that you have created in step 4 /home/snelcom/all_backups and click Reload Files.

da restore path

Once the files are reloaded click Next Step.

da restore step1

In step 2 you need to replace the IP addresses in the backup with the server IP address from the list and after that click Next Step.

da restore step2

Select all backups that you want to restore from the list and click Restore.

da restore step3

A pop up will appear that the restore is added to the queue.

da restore queued

Once it’s finished you will see this in the message system of DirectAdmin.

da restore message

Restore has finished with *WARNING*

da restore finished

Step 8 – Re-issue SSL certificates with Let’s Encrypt

In order to use the bulk re-issue of SSL certificated with Let’s Encrypt feature of DirectAdmin, you need the pre-release DirectAdmin binaries.
To use it, grab the pre-release DA binaries, and in the Evolution skin, go to:
Type SSL in the search bar and click on SSL Management or replace the URL to http://directadmin.snel.com:2222/admin/ssl

da ssl

Filter by issuer type cpanel in Filter domains by issuer:. Select all domain and click on Make Request.

da ssl management

Conclusion

Congratulations, you have migrated all cPanel users to DirectAdmin users.

Known issues:

*DirectAdmin format for MySQL usernames/databases

WARNING! account_wordpress cannot be owned by account, renaming database user to accoun_wordpress
Trying to find files in public_html to rename account_wordpress to accoun_wordpress. A copy of the file will have '.cpanel_backup_copy_dbname.php' appended at the end.
/home/admin/all_backups/account/domains/snel.com/public_html/wp-config.php

*User permissions issues on restored account

You can reset all secure_access_group permissions with:
echo "action=rewrite&value=secure_access_group" >> /usr/local/directadmin/data/task.queue

Once the secure access group has been reset, you need to change the permissions:

chown account_name:access /home/account_name
chmod 710 /home/account_name

*JetBackup format doesn’t include cpmove-user directory inside, we have to convert this manually. (would store converted backup in /home/admin/converted_user_backup):

jetbackup=yes /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/cpanel_to_da/cpanel_to_da.sh /home/admin/user_backups/cpmove-USERNAME.tar.gz /home/admin/converted_user_backup
chown -R admin. /home/admin/converted_user_backup
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