How to configure IP addresses on CentOS

Estimated reading time: 1 min

Introduction

When an IP address is assigned to your server you need to configure it in your OS. This article will guide you by showing all the steps you need to do in order to configure an IP address in CentOS.

How to add an IP address to CentOS:

  •  Log in to your server as root.
  •  Go to directory  /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts

cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts

  • Determine the interface that the OS will be using to add the IP address.

/sbin/ifconfig

Output01

Output01

The output should look like this.

Here we determine that we will use interface ''eth1'' (Note: This can change for each system).

  • Create a file named ''ifcfg-ethX:Y'' for each IP you wish to add (replacing X with the ID of the physical and replacing Y with the number of the virtual interface (start with 0 for the first additional IP) for example ''ifcfg-eth1:0'',''ifcfg-eth1:1'',''ifcfg-eth1:2''etc.).

nano ifcfg-eth1:0

  • Add the following fields and edit them accordingly.

DEVICE="eth1:0"
IPADDR="89.207.132.9"
NETMASK="255.255.255.0"
ONBOOT="yes"

ifcfg-eth1:0

ifcfg-eth1:0

  • Press CTRL+O and then ENTER to save the file.
    Press CTRL+X to ExitRepeat steps 4 and 5 until you're finished adding all the IP addresses.
  • Restart the network

/etc/init.d/network restart

You can check if the IP's has been added to the OS by executing this command:

/sbin/ifconfig

ifconfig

ifconfig

You are done with this configuration.

How to Add an IP range to CentOS:

  • Follow the steps 1 to 3 from ''Adding an IP address to CentOS''
  • Create a file '"ifcfg-ethX-range"  (replacing X with the ID of the physical interface for example ''ifcfg-eth1'')

For example, if you were using eth1, you would use the following file name:

nano ifcfg-eth1-range

  • Add the following entries

IPADDR_START=
IPADDR_END=
CLONENUM_START=
NETMASK=

IPADDR_START means the start of the IP address range
IPADDR_END means the end of the IP address range
CLONENUM_START means the number assigned to the first virtual interface (same as in step 4 of ''Adding an IP address to CentOS''), for example, eth1:0 or eth1:1, or eth1:7 as in the screen capture below
NETMASK is 255.255.255.0, depends on the class of the IP addresses.

ifcfg-eth1-range

ifcfg-eth1-range

  • Now Restart the network

/etc/init.d/network restart

  • You can check if the IP's have been added to your OS by executing the following command:

/sbin/ifconfig

ifconfig

ifconfig

That's it you are completely finished.

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